By: edically reviewed by Cynthia Cobb, DNP, APRN, WHNP-BC, FAANP — Written by Jennifer Huizen
Source: Medical News Today

Botox is an injectable drug made from highly-purified botulinum toxin type A, a neurotoxin that temporarily paralyzes muscles and comes from the bacterium Clostridium botulinum.

Clostridium is found naturally in the environment and the gastrointestinal tract of animals. Usually, the bacterium only produces toxins when it overgrows and causes infection.

The American Society of Plastic Surgeons estimate that 6.6 million women underwent Botox injections in 2016, making it the most popular form of minimally invasive cosmetic surgery performed in the United States.
Fast facts on Botox and breast-feeding:

Botox injections are commonly used to reduce the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles.
Botox injections have recently been used to treat a wide range of medical conditions.
Disease or infection caused by botulinum toxin is called botulism, which can be deadly.

What are the uses of Botox?
Botox injections help relax facial muscles and are often used to lessen the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles.

There are medical conditions that may benefit from Botox therapy. These include:

neuromuscular conditions that impact muscle control, such as cerebral palsy
severe migraine headaches
excessive sweating
incontinence or urine leakage
gastrointestinal tract conditions, such as irritable bowel syndrome
spasm of the eyelids
spasms of the neck and shoulder muscles
conditions that cause intense muscle stiffness

According to the United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA), whether Botox injections are safe during pregnancy or breast-feeding is not currently known.
How Botox works

The neurotoxic proteins in Botox injections affect nerve impulses by blocking the neurotransmitter acetylcholine, which temporarily prevents muscle cell contraction and glandular cell activity.

When used cosmetically, Botox is injected into specific facial or neck muscles, forcing them to relax and reducing the appearance of wrinkles, fine lines, crow’s feet, and forehead and frown lines.Toronto Botox Clinic6

Botox to

toxins may also be injected directly into overactive muscles or glands to limit their activity, such as the sweat glands under the armpits, neck muscles, or hand muscles.

Normally, Botox injections begin working within a few days of an injection. They tend to have only a localized, not systemic or whole body effect.

Botox toxins are thought to remain active in the body or target area for 4 to 6 months before being metabolized and excreted from the bod

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